Analyzing student behavior data is the most effective way for schools to know if RTI interventions are helping students reach their goals.
Analyzing student behavior data is the most effective way for schools to know if RTI interventions are helping students reach their goals. In order to have sufficient data, interventionists must ensure that they have effective ways to track student progress, which includes identifying progress monitoring tools that measure students growth towards goals and setting aside time to critically assess student’s development, stagnancy or decline. Student data is the deciding factor between discontinuing or intensifying interventions.
What is Response to Intervention (RTI)?
Response to Intervention (RTI) is a multi-tier approach schools use to identify students with learning and behavior needs early. The RTI process starts with universal screening of all students in the general education setting. This data clarifies which students are in need of intervention in specific areas. Through data collection, intervention, assessment of progress and revised practice, the RTI team is able to make recommendations for continued intervention, accommodations, and services that will decrease academic and behavioral challenges and improve student success.
What are Tier II and Tier III Interventions?
School values, policies and classroom practices are considered Tier I systems because they support the success of all students. However, some students may be in need of accommodations and services to progress academically, behaviorally, physically, socially and emotionally. Tier II interventions provide more targeted support to groups of students that need alternative strategies to support their success. Tier III interventions are individualized and student-specific. These types of interventions are often put in place if students aren’t showing progress with Tier II interventions.
5 Steps for Tracking Tier II and III Interventions
In order to ensure that interventions are successful, RTI teams should develop systems of measurement aligned to student goals. Here are a few steps that will help RTI teams effectively assess and analyze student data when planning and implementing interventions.
Step 1: Create Student Profile Sheets
In order to know the type of student intervention to put in place, an RTI team must have a clear assessment of how the student has been performing over time. A student profile sheet is a comprehensive snapshot of a student’s grades, test scores, attendance, accommodations and behavioral data. This sheet is the main data source used during RTI meetings and should be partnered with a document that includes the student need, intervention, goals and form of data measurement.
Student profile sheets can be made manually, but much of the data can be pulled from school data sources, such as Kickboard. Kickboard is a data system that helps schools tracks student attendance, behavior and progress with interventions.
Step 2: Set a Student Goal
Once the RTI team has reflected on student data, the next step is to identify a manageable goal for the student to achieve. Goals should be SMART: specific, measureable, achievable, relevant and time-bound. Students may have multiple goals and interventions occuring at once. The key is to be sure that every goal is aligned to a just-right intervention.
Step 3: Pick an Intervention
Clarifying how the student will reach a goal is essentially the same as identifying the intervention. An intervention should be described within a student profile, clarifying how often the intervention will take place, what the intervention looks like, who will lead the intervention, how often the intervention will be assessed for efficacy and the tool of measurement.
Step 4: Monitor Progress
Progress-monitoring is the action of checking a student’s progress periodically. Progress monitoring tools vary by intervention. Some may be used daily, while others are checked over a longer period of time. For example, a student’s daily behavior tracker will give an immediate idea of how the student performed for the day. The interventionist may add daily data to an spreadsheet that is analyzed monthly to see how the student has progressed over time. In this case, both the student tracker and the spreadsheet are tools of measurement used to monitor progress.
There are many ways to monitor progress. The key is to pick effective assessment tools that are aligned to the intervention. Some progress monitoring tools are more efficient than others, so interventionists should be very thoughtful about using tools that they can commit to with fidelity. Kickboard helps schools increase their tracking efficiency by enabling interventionists to track the frequency of targeted behaviors online, as well as tracking when the interventions took place.
Step 5: Schedule RTI Meetings at Benchmark Points
Benchmarks are periodic checkpoints along the life of an intervention. If a student is expected to decrease a specific behavior in six months, periods of reflection would be appropriate every six weeks. This routine data analysis gives interventionists a clear idea of if a goal is on its way to being met or if an intervention needs to be modified. This Kickboard flowchart models how RTI teams should reflect and modify interventions if students aren’t making adequate progress at benchmarks.
Schools should consistently be tracking student data to identify which students are meeting expectations and which students may need more support. Tracking interventions with Kickboard is one way schools have been able to increase the efficacy of their Response to Intervention practices. On Kickboard, interventionists can analyze individual student growth, as well as interpret growth on a grade and teacher level.
Here at Kickboard we have seen many schools turnaround student behavior and academics by using our mobile app, web platform, and professional development services to support their project based learning initiatives. Kickboard helps teachers to track student behavior, identify cultural trends and implement systems that improve student results.